Teachers can never promise students that they will pass the Toefl test, for it is only the test takers themselves that do the test. However the tutor should feel fairly confident that if the lessons have been thorough and informative, and the students have worked hard, there will be an improvement in the grades of the learners.
Planning Lessons to Teach for the Toefl Test
Toefl lessons should ensure that students:
Know what the Toefl test is made up of: what the different parts of the test include, and how many sections there are.
Understand time limits for each of the sections
Are familiar with the format of questions posed in the iBT Toefl test
Practice doing many tests either with iBT preparation text books, practice cd’s or online.
The above points make up the basic outline for each lesson that teachers should include in their Toefl lessons. A student should be able to detail the information in these categories, even if they are just at the beginning of their studies and not yet able to get a passing grade. Knowing the structure of the test, what kinds of questions will be asked and being used to the listening, speaking, reading and writing exercises are the core essentials necessary to pass this intimidating test.
The Contents and Time Limits for the iBT Toefl Test Sections
Most preparation text books for the iBT Toefl test, such as Cambridge Preparation for the Toefl Test Book [Cambridge University Press, 1996] by Jolene and Robert Gear or Longman Preparation Course for the TOEFL(R) Test: Next Generation (iBT) [Pearson ESL, 2005] by Deborah Phillips will detail the different sections of the Toefl on their contents pages.
Explain to the students that the Toefl test is made up of the following:
Listening Section: 4-6 lectures, 2-3 conversations
Speaking Section: 6 tasks – 2 independent tasks that call for opinion; 4 integrated tasks that involve answers based on what is read or heard
Reading Section: 3-5 academic passages with 12-14 questions for each passage
Each of the test sections come with time limits. Answers, whether in writing or speaking are controlled by time limits and students have to learn to complete their answers within the time controls which are allowed. Preparation books will detail time limits alongside each of the sections.
The ibt Toefl Question Format
Every question posed in the Toefl test takes a very specific format sometimes even using identical wording. Although topics and content of texts may vary, the questions are always alike. Hence, if the students understand the structure of the questions they will already be well prepared and have only to scan the question and then focus on the material itself and not battle with what is being asked of them.
The more testing experience the students get by doing practice tests, the better their chances of achieving a pass or higher grades. Feeling confident and having no surprises as to the format, question style and time limit for each section while facing the test, is extremely important.
In conclusion, a test can only be performed by one person and it is the test taker who has to complete the test to his or her best ability. This lesson structure will enable the teacher to offer the best possible lessons, covering every aspect of the test at a point where advice and teaching can still be given prior to the learner who alone has to pass the exam and attain that final passing grade.